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Japanese American Relocation Archives

Related Sites and Resources

Curricula and Lesson Plans

Exploring the Japanese American Internment Through Films and the Internet
Numerous short video clips supplemented by historical texts and images. Special section for educators contains discussion questions and sample classroom activities. Includes links to additional resources, including curricula for grades 7-12. From the Center for Asian American Media.

SFSU College of Behavioral and Social Sciences Japanese American Internment Curriculum
Lesson plans for grades K-12 from various sources, including the National Japanese American Historical Society.

Library, Archival, and Museum Collections and Exhibits

Heart Mountain Digital Preservation Project
Features texts and photographs documenting the Heart Mountain Relocation Center. Includes a historical overview with suggested readings. Created by Northwest College, John Taggart Hinckley Library.

Japanese American Exhibit and Access Project
Focuses on the Camp Harmony assembly center in Puyallup, Washington, and highlights materials documenting the history of Japanese-Canadian internment. From the University of Washington Libraries.

Japanese Americans Internment Camps During World War II
Photographs of the Tule Lake, California, and Topaz, Utah, internment camps in collections from the University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library, Special Collections Department.

Japanese American National Museum, Manabi and Sumi Hirasaki National Resource Center
Links to online collections and resources documenting internment history available at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM), which includes the Civil Liberties Archives and Study Center. Includes incarceration fact sheets and a map of the internment camps, with links to basic data about the camps, chronologies, FAQs, and bibliographic references.

The Japanese American Museum of San Jose (JAMsj)
Preserves and disseminates the culture and history of Japanese Americans, with a special focus on the Santa Clara Valley. Features photos and oral histories, and also provides educational resources, including films and speakers.

Masumi Hayashi Photography: Introduction
Panoramic photo collages created by Masumi Hayashi, Professor of photography at Cleveland State University, documenting her visits to all of the Japanese American internment camp sites.

A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the US Constitution
Interactive galleries and a historical overview of the history of Japanese American internment, with over 800 images, sound files, and oral histories. Includes classroom activities for grades 2-6 and 7-12, and a bibliography. From the Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Behring Center.

"Suffering Under a Great Injustice": Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar
Contains over 200 images created by photographer Ansel Adams in 1943 documenting the Manzanar internment camp. Includes links to related resources, bibliographies, and a chronology. Created by the Library of Congress.

Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco: Internment of San Francisco Japanese
Features original text from articles that appeared in the San Francisco News from March 2 through April 27, 1942, with images. Published by the City of San Francisco.

War Relocation Authority Camps in Arizona, 1942-1946
Approximately 40 images depicting life at Poston and Gila River internment camps, from collections in the University of Arizona Library.

Books and Publications

Chan, Sucheng. Asian Americans: An Interpretive History (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1991), pp. 138-39.

Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
Full text of this publication by Jeffery F. Burton et al. (2000).

Daniels, Roger. "Words Do Matter: A Note on Inappropriate Terminology and the Incarceration of Japanese Americans," in Nikkei in the Pacific Northwest: Japanese Americans & Japanese Canadians in the Twentieth Century, ed. Louis Fiset and Gail M. Nomura (Seattle: Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest, University of Washington Press, 2005), pp. 190-214.

Kikumura-Yano, Akemi, ed. Encyclopedia of Japanese Descendents in the Americas (New York: Altamira Press, 2004).

Kitano, Harry. Generations and Identity: The Japanese American. Needham Heights, MA: Ginn Press, 1993.

Okubo, Mine. Citizen 13660. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1946/2002.

Takaki, Ronald. Strangers from A Distant Shore: A History of Asian Americans (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1998).

Films and Video Recordings

The Color of Honor
Information about this documentary film produced and directed by Loni Ding (1989), which focuses on the experiences of Japanese American service personnel in WWII.

Conscience and the Constitution
Interactive site featuring photographs, text, and historical narratives documenting the history of Japanese American internment, focusing on compliance and resistance as two responses to the internment. Produced, directed, and written by Frank Abe (2000).

Days of Waiting: The Life and Art of Estelle Ishigo
Documentary film featuring artist Estelle Ishigo, by Steven Okazaki (1995).

National Asian American Telecommunications Association Education Videos
List of video recordings available for ordering through the National Asian American Telecommunications Association (NAATA).

Of Civil Rights and Wrongs: The Fred Korematsu Story
Documentary film focusing on the 40-year legal case of Fred Korematsu, who challenged the legality of Japanese American internment in court. Created by Eric Paul Fournier (2000).

Rabbit in the Moon This award-winning documentary by Emiko Omori uses archival footage, home movies, and interviews to go beneath the myth of the "stoic" Japanese Americans. She reveals "political tensions, social and generational divisions, and resistance and collaboration in the camps."

Unfinished Business: The Japanese American Internment Cases
Documentary film by Steven Okazaki (1984) on Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi, and Minoru Yasui.

Explore Further

Japanese American Relocation

JARDA primary source sets:

People

Places

Daily Life

Personal Experiences

Calisphere Themed Collections

1939–1945: World War II

Japanese American Internment

The 442nd Regimental Combat Team